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Course Descriptions

BI 111 

Human Environment (3)
A semester-long exploration of the interrelatedness of our modern life style with the natural world. Consideration is given to basic ecological principles, the availability and conservation of natural resources, the impact of human beings on the quality of their environment, and socioeconomic and political determinants of environmental policies. Not recommended for Biology majors. Ursuline Studies Stage I Science satellite.

BI 111L 
Laboratory for Human Environment (1)
An introduction to methods and techniques involved in ecological investigations. Focus is on aquatic and terrestrial environments, population growth, energy transfers, and biotic and abiotic cycles. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 111.

BI 130 
Human Biology: Birth through Aging (3) 
A one-semester survey course for students having limited exposure to previous academic science courses. The structure and function of the principle organ systems and the means by which these body systems change with age are emphasized; many physiological concepts are explored in more detail through hands-on laboratory exercises. The concept of homeostasis and the effects of development and aging on the ability to maintain homeostasis are unifying themes of this course; thus, common pathologies as well as the impact of the environment and of heredity on the quality of life are interjected as topics as time permits. Ursuline Studies Stage I Science satellite.

BI 130L 
Laboratory for Human Biology: Birth through Aging (1)
Physiological concepts of the principle organ systems and the means by which these body systems change with age are explored in more detail through hands-on laboratory exercises. Pre- or corequisite: BI 130.

BI 200
Introductory Biology - Biodiversity, Form, Function, and Ecology (3)
This course provides an introduction to modern biology including biological classification, survey pf biological diversity and evolutionary relationships, anatomy and physiology of plants and animals, and principles of ecology.  This course is part of the standard fundamental sequence: REQUIRED FOR ALL BIOLOGY MAJORS.  Ursuline Studies Stage I Science satellite.

BI 200L
Laboratory for Introductory Biology - Biodiversity, Form, Function, and Ecology (1)
The laboratory is comprised of selected exercises designed to reinforce concepts covered in BI 200, including hands on activities, which afford students the opportunity to master basic biological principles, skills, and equipment used in experimental inquiry, design, analysis, and reporting.  Pre- or co-requisite: BI 200.  This course is part of the standard fundamental sequence: REQUIRED FOR ALL BIOLOGY MAJORS.  Ursuline Studies Stage I Science satellite.

BI 205
Introductory Biology - Cells, Genetics, Energy Transfer, and Evolution (3)
This course provides an introduction to modern biology including the basic principles of molecular and cell biology, energy transfer and metabolism, cellular reproduction, genetics, and mechanisms of evolution and the origin of life. Recommended: 1 semester of college chemistry.  This course is part of the standard fundamental sequence: REQUIRED FOR ALL BIOLOGY MAJORS. 

BI 205L 

Laboratory for Introductory Biology - Cells, Genetics, Energy Transfer, and Evolution (1)
The laboratory is comprised of selected exercises designed to reinforce concepts covered in BI 205, including hands on activities, which afford students the opportunity to master basic biological principles, skills, and equipment used in experimental inquiry, design, analysis, and reporting.  Pre- or co-requisite: BI 205. This course is part of the standard fundamental sequence: REQUIRED FOR ALL BIOLOGY MAJORS. 

BI 206 
Principles of Plant Biology (3)
A survey of the Kingdom Plantae and representative members of the Kingdoms Protista and Fungi. Topics include taxonomy, anatomy, morphology, and physiology of plants with a detailed study of their cells, tissues, organs, life cycles and uses. Prerequisite: BI 205

BI 206L 
Laboratory for Principles of Plant Biology (1)
Exploration of anatomy, morphology, and physiology of higher plants with taxonomic treatment of selected algae, fungi, bryophytes, and vascular plants. Prerequisite: BI 205L or equivalent. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 206.

BI 207 
Principles of Animal Biology (3)
Principles and concepts of animal biology based on comparison of structures and functions of the principal invertebrate and vertebrate types. Ursuline Studies Stage I Science satellite.

BI 207L 
Laboratory of Principles of Animal Biology (1)
Study of the structures of representative animals from unicellular organisms through vertebrates, including their development and interrelationships. Correlations of organ structure with functional aspects are considered. Focus of course is on the invertebrate organisms. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 207.

BI 214 
Anatomy and Physiology I (3)
A study of human anatomy and physiology for students preparing for an allied health profession. Integration of structure and function in the light of homeostasis is emphasized. A systems approach is utilized, with the focus on normal physiology and an introduction to pathology. Systems addressed in the first semester include skeletal, muscle, nervous and endocrine. Recommended: high school biology and chemistry.

BI 214L 
Laboratory for Anatomy and Physiology I (1)
A study of the structure of the human body using a variety of tools including tissue slides, human skeletons, models, and the optional dissection of various organs of sheep, pig or cow. Integration is accomplished via a systems approach with physiology using computer simulation. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 214.

BI 215 
Anatomy and Physiology II (3)
A study of human anatomy and physiology for students preparing for an allied health profession. Integration of structure and function in the light of homeostasis is emphasized. A systems approach is utilized, with the focus on normal physiology and an introduction to pathology. In the second semester, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems are addressed. Prerequisite: BI 214.

BI 215L 
Laboratory for Anatomy and Physiology Lab II (1)
A study of the structure of the human body using a variety of tools including tissue slides, human skeletons, models, and the optional dissection of various organs of sheep, pig or cow. Integration is accomplished via a systems approach with physiology using computer simulation. Prerequisite: BI 214L. Pre- or corequisite: BI 215.

BI 232 
Clinical Microbiology (3)
A study of the fundamental physical, chemical and biological characteristics of microorganisms. A variety of pathogens, the infectious process, and the means by which the human body resists disease are considered. Recommended: 1 year of college chemistry and either BI 214-215 or BI 205.

BI 232L 
Laboratory for Clinical Microbiology (1)
Application of basic techniques for culturing, staining and identifying selected microbial forms. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 232.

BI 288 
Special Topics in Biology (1-4)
A study of designated or selected topics designed to serve special needs and interests not included in regularly scheduled courses. Offered as needed.

BI 300 
Introduction to Medical Terminology (1) 
This course is designed to acquaint the student with terminology relating to basic anatomy and physiology of body systems. The language of medicine, medical abbreviations, definition of medical terms, and an appreciation of the logical method found in medical terminology are covered. Course format consists of programmed self-instruction and testing by the instructor.

BI 313 
Field Biology (2)
Systematics and identification of flora and fauna of Northeast Ohio. Topics rotate each semester among ornithology, local flora, entomology, invertebrate zoology, mycology or mammalogy. See the course schedule for specific semester offering. Co-requisite: BI 313L.

BI 313L 
Laboratory in Field Biology (2)
Study organisms will be located, observed, and identified in their native habitat. Organisms may be collected. Appropriate clothing for varied weather conditions is necessary for field trips. Co-requisite: BI 313.

Prerequisites for ALL courses at or above BI 320: 
(1) sequence of biology fundamental courses (BI 200/L, BI 205/L); (2) 1-2 semesters CH; and (3) 3 credits of MAT/MIS as required.

BI 320 
Developmental Biology (2)
Interactions among cells which result in the development of multicellular organisms are examined. Major topics include germ cells and fertilization, cellular mechanisms of development, and differentiated cells and the maintenance of tissues. Although aspects of plant and invertebrate development are considered, vertebrates are the focus of this course. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS.

BI 320L 
Laboratory for Developmental Biology (2) 
This laboratory component focuses on the means by which the body plans and organs of representative organisms develop from fertilized eggs. May include stained slides, living and preserved materials, models and computer simulations. Experimental investigations will be conducted as feasible. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 320.

BI 325 
Ecology (2)
An introduction to the basic concepts of ecology with emphasis on the complex interrelationships of living organisms with each other and with the nonliving environment. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS, MAT 131 or MAT 212 recommended.

BI 325L 
Laboratory for Ecology (2)
The focus is on techniques of physical, chemical, and biological analysis of various ecosystems. The collection, analysis, and interpretation of data are stressed. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 325.

BI 333 
Environmental Microbiology (3)
A general study of the morphology and physiology of microorganisms. Basic techniques peculiar to the handling of these special organisms are considered. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS.

BI 333L 
Laboratory for Environmental Microbiology (1)
Although the emphasis is on bacteria in this course, fungi, algae and viruses are also included in the various investigations. Topics include sterile technique, biochemical and physiological reactions, and chemical diagnostic tests. Antibiotics, antiseptics and immunological tests are included as feasible. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 333.

BI 380 
Advanced Physiology and Immunology (3) 
An inquiry into the nature of the immune response at the molecular, cellular and systemic levels. Principles relating to clinical immunology, immunologic reactions, and the function and the evolution of the immune system are discussed in terms of underlying experimental studies. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS.

BI 400 
Service Learning (1)
See Service Learning (page 43). Contact department chair for requirements.

BI 430 
Cell Biology (3)
The fine structure and molecular organization of eukaryotic cells, including their relationship to the environment, are examined. Major topics include cellular evolution, basic genetic mechanisms, metabolism, signaling, division and growth. Aberrations in these processes resulting in malignancies are considered. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH;

BI 430L 
Laboratory for Cell Biology (1)
Selected exercises introduce basic laboratory techniques of cellular biology. Investigations examine cell structure via microscopy and centrifugation, membrane phenomena, cell metabolism and motility, the cell cycle and signaling. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 430.

BI 435 
Genetics (3)
Although basic mechanisms of Mendelian genetics are reviewed, the focus of this course is molecular genetics. The origin of nucleic acids, DNA replication, RNA transcription, and the process of translation are studied in some detail. Regulation of gene expression and the function of non-structural DNA sequences are also considered. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence and CH 106; MAT 131 recommended.

BI 435L 
Laboratory in Genetics (1)
An introduction to methods and techniques of investigating genetic principles, including Mendelian inheritance, molecular genetics and population genetics. Organisms used in the laboratory are representative of those used in research settings. Pre- or co-requisite: BI 435.

BI 451 
Departmental Seminar (3)
Readings and discussions focus on one or more of the universal biological principles. Biological concepts from previous course work are integrated using an evolutionary perspective. Pre-requisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS; and senior standing.

BI 452 
BI 452A -Experimental Project I (1) and BI 452B -Experimental Project II (2)
Each student writes a research proposal based on readings in the scientific literature during one semester (BI 452A). The research experience is encapsulated in both a final paper and a presentation open to the College community (BI 452B). Prerequisites: senior standing and departmental approval.

BI 453 
BI 453A -Senior Thesis I (1) and BI 453B -Senior Thesis II (2)
Each student reads primary research articles within an area of interest, suggests a biology-based topic for a research proposal, and writes the general background for a formal peer-review proposal in scientific format during one semester (BI 453A). All remaining aspects of the formal peer-review proposal are completed in scientific format and a presentation open to the College community is given during the second semester (BI 453B). Prerequisites: senior standing and departmental approval.

BI 461, 462 
Independent Study (1-3, 1-3)
Study of a particular topic in biology. Approval of department chair is required. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS.

BI 475 
Academic Internship (1-3)
An off-campus learning experience to provide the student with the opportunity to relate academic and educational goals to learning experiences and situations beyond the limits of the classroom. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS.

BI 488 
Special Topics in Biology (1-4)
A study of designated or selected topics designed to serve special needs and interests not included in regularly scheduled courses. Prerequisites: biology fundamental sequence; 1-2 semesters CH; 3 credits of MAT/MIS.

BI 199, 299, 399, 499 
External Learning Assessment (credit varies) 
Measurable and verifiable learning which has occurred outside of the traditional classroom. Numerical designation indicated level of proficiency in the topic. Courses for which there is an exact Ursuline College equivalent are listed by the appropriate numerical designation. "PL" is listed before all course titles for which credit is granted through external learning assessment.